Friday, 13 April 2012

The Bare Necessities


In 1998, Wandersee and Schlusser introduced the term ‘plant blindness’. They defined the term as ‘the inability to recognise the importance of plants and the misguided ranking of plants as inferior to animals’. Plants can be viewed as the main mediators between the physical and biological worlds and play a significant role maintaining the climate. Therefore, it can be argued that plant blindness is a considerable hurdle to be overcome as we can assume that without sufficient recognition, it is unlikely that policies in plant conservation will be supported at a time when we need them the most.  

Book cover illustration - Onions and other vegetable alliums

While theoretical assessments of plant blindness exist, there has been little done to implement and evaluate strategies that directly address or alleviate the problem. Clearly, awareness of plants is advantageous for both economic and social reasons and that there hasn’t been a more appropriate time than now to improve our familiarity with the world’s flora and its uses.

The way we are living our lives causes the climate to change and critically endangers many natural habitats. Finding a solution to this has become a massive cross-cultural challenge. We have already taken substantial steps in addressing the crisis politically, but it is imperative that the issue does not just sit within the governmental and scientific arena, but that it becomes part of our social fabric. I believe that with imaginative, creative thinking we are able to design and cultivate a globally recognisable visual language. I therefore want to develop our existing knowledge and use of scientific visual statements so that we can design better policies and more globally effective forms of communication.




By implementing an artistic visual language to extend current scientific representation in botanical art, I propose that it is possible to realise a more comprehensive and inclusive approach to environmental awareness. 

The practice of early botanical art was first developed in medicine. Illustrations had an important role in herbals by transmitting information to individuals so that plants could be identified without the use of words. Through the means of observation, illustrations would depict a plant with its key features throughout an entire life cycle. More recently, botanical illustration has been used in many different fields of biological study and over time, scientists have developed strict guidelines for this type of illustrative work, creating a highly specialised visual language that is still used by botanists today. Although useful in science practice, I believe that this narrow view and use of botanical illustration, along with the ascendant use of photography, moves botanical art away from the aesthetics and spirit of our enquiry and has possibly contributed to its departure from mainstream media and the visual arts.

Fortunately, there are now botanical artists working to reverse this change who are questioning the traditional usage of botanical illustration. This can be seen through some significant contemporary changes in style and direction. An extremely apposite example is the 2011 piece by the artist Rachel Pedder-Smith, who presented an 18ft long painting using plant material from the herbarium at Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. It illustrated the new biological classification system based on DNA sequencing and was a bold, beautiful statement about the advanced level of our scientific knowledge.

As a botanical artist, I am constantly exploring divergent approaches to observation in order to challenge the efficacy of our existing scientific language and to inspire people to think beyond their own interactions with botany. My intention for this project is to build a collection that utilises new techniques that have never before been applied in botanical art, so that I may confront our current perceptions of botanical art, its applications and how it sits within the larger scope of scientific communication. Additionally, I propose to analyse the psychological and cultural reasons behind the science-art divide and how this impacts society whilst researching how people can engage with more inclusive and harmonious botanical projects.

 Production of top ten crops of the world 

The culmination will be an interactive piece highlighting the global impact of the consumption of botanically based products. In 2012 I began a personal diary recording the origin and use of every single plant and its derivative that I consumed over a twelve month period; from food and cosmetics to textiles and pharmaceuticals. I recorded the quantity I used and logged the companies and locations involved in every plant’s distribution. I intend to assemble this historical data into a detailed and illustrated presentation that chronicles the manufacturing and distribution journey that commercial products make from their initial life cycle to the consumer.

In accordance with traditional botanical illustration methods I propose to paint a collection that depicts every species accurately and to scale. It is my intention that the scale of each species will indicate the quantity consumed and not that of physical size. This project has continually evolved since its inception and it builds on several years of previous work and research with plant collections. It will be original in its capacity to highlight and underline the connections between the mechanical and natural worlds and in its ability to challenge our current perceptions of botanical art and its use.  The project will deliver not only on the final collection, but also with an exhibition of all supporting research and the expected publication of papers in the relevant scientific journals.

References
·         Ackerman, D. (1992). A Natural History of the Senses. New York: Vintage Books
·         Bachelard, G. (1994). The Poetics of Space. Boston: Beacon Press
·         Budd, M. (2003). The Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature, Oxford: Oxford University Press
·         Burke, E. (2008). A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, New York: Oxford University Press
·         Carr, K. (2016) I had myself a nuclear spring. [Album]. Rivertones
·         Cohen, K. (2009). In the Blink of an Ear, New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group
·         Doyle, J. (2011). Mediating Climate Change, Farnham: Ashgate
·         Ede, S. (2005). Art and Science, London: I. B. Tauris
·         Fudge, R. S. (2001). Imagination and the Science-Based Aesthetic Appreciation of Unscenic Nature, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 59(3), pp. 275–285
·         Hall, M. (2011). Plants as Persons - A Philosophical Botany, New York: State University of New York Press
·         McCandless, D. (2012). Information is Beautiful, London: Collins
·         Paterson, K., (2008), Earth-moon-Earth: Moonlight sonata Reflected from the Surface of the Moon, Oxford: Modern Art Oxford
·         Pedder-Smith, R. (2011) The Glow of Significance: Narrating stories using natural history specimens PhD Thesis, Royal College of Art, London, UK
·         Schneider, S. H. and Mesirow, L. E. (1976). The Genesis Strategy: Climate and Global-Survival, New York: Plenum Press
·         Slough, D. L. (2012) Plant Blindness: An exploration and instrument development using the Delphi Technique MSc Thesis, The University of Florida, Florida, USA
·         Toseland, M. (2012). Infographica: The World As You Have Never Seen It Before, London: Quercus,
·         Trigg, D. ( 2004), Schopenhauer and the Sublime Pleasure of Tragedy, Philosophy and Literature, 28(1),  pp. 165-179
·         Tufte, E. R. (1990). Envisioning Information, Connecticut: Graphics Press
·         Uno, G. E. (2009). Botanical literacy: What and how should students learn about plants? American Journal of Botany, 96(10), pp. 1753-1759
·         Wandersee, J. H. and Schussler, E. E. (1999). Preventing plant blindness, The American biology Teacher, 61, pp. 84–86
·         Wandersee, J. H. and Schussler, E. E. (2001). Toward a theory of plant blindness, Plant Science Bulletin, 47,  pp. 2–9
·         Voegelin, S., (2010), Listening to noise and silence, New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group

19 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. Thank you Manon, that's very nice of you to say so. I try to get a good mix of my own botanical artwork and other people's/exhibitions and mix that with science and history with the occasional bit on embroidery because I like it.

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  2. wow,thats a challenge and a half.Hats off to you Jess xxx

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  3. WOW! Jessica what a fantastic idea! I love it, how inspiring. I see you have been putting a lot of thought into this. I am also very passionate about conservation and the mass consumption of things these days concerns me. Looking forward to more updates on this project.

    Laura

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    1. Thank you Laura, I am glad you like the sound of this project - I do too! Looking forward to it, I just need to get cracking. There has been a lot of thought and it's nice that you commented on that:) A good few years and concentrated months for sure. I hope you will enjoy the next instalments!

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  4. Phew! Way to go, girl!! Massive challenge and I can't think of anyone better to tackle it. You'll do a great job Jess, and look forward to seeing it completed,in exhibition or your next publication!!x

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    1. Thanks Terri - that's very sweet of you. Yes I thought it could make a nice coffee table book at the end. I might be on a pension by then though!

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  5. Wowsers Jess! That will be some undertaking, but what a fantastic idea. As consumers we rarely think of the quantity of raw materials we actually use. As a geographer I will be interested in watching your progress. Good luck!

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    1. Thanks Jarnie - yes, mega undertaking! I hope this project delivers some nice interesting things for you.

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  6. Great idea Jess - and I can imagine you will have so many creative options for showcasing your beautiful talent. Can't wait to see them unfold xx

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    1. Ta very much Vicki. Yes, it's so big I am not sure here to start, so I am reckoning on doing several prototypes and I'l see where they take me. Looking forward to meeting you in the northern hemisphere soon!

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  7. Wonderful and formidable idea! Look forward to watching your progress.... What a journey you are taking :)

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  8. Jess, what a creative and challenging idea! I look forward to following your posts and seeing how this all comes together. I am sure it will be marvelous and enlightening.

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  9. This is going to be something very special - a wonderful idea!!

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  10. What a great project. Hats off and hope to see the results in your beautiful blog

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  11. Sounds great Jess

    Sorghum, so important in the 3rd world, would be great to see your skill show it in a great light.

    Chris

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  12. Very much looking forward to seeing more of this and especially images of every day foods we take for granted like wheat and potatoes, as they are really quite remarkable even beautiful in their own way, and they have been given so little artistic attention. Really a great idea and looking forward to seeing it all on show in the future.

    Coral.

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